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For companies providing electrical installation services
You are the group that will be the most affected by the changes. For example, explicit requirements are being introduced stating how electrical installations must be carried out, and the company doing the work is responsible for ensuring that the requirements are met.
- When is a company an electrical installation company?
- Definition of ‘electrical installation work‘
- Definition of ‘electrical installation company’
- Moving from supervision to company responsiblity
- Requirements of electrical installation companies
- Execution requirements
- Self-audit requirement
- Definition of ‘self-audit’
- Registration requirements
- Link between the company’s activity type and the Compliance Officer’s authorisation
- Designated contact for better supervision
- Relationship between the electrical installation company and the system owner
Any person or entity carrying out electrical installation work for business purposes is classed as an electrical installation company. This applies even if you are working on your own equipment.
As a result, companies involved in lift installation, industry, railways, property management, electricity grid operators and HVAC contractors could be classed as electrical installation companies from 1 July 2017. The legal form of the business or organisation is irrelevant. An electrical installation company could be anything from a plc to a sole trader, a government body or a local authority.
Regardless of your company’s main line of business, it is an electrical installation company if electrical installation work is ever carried out.
Electrical installation work is any work to:
- implement, modify or repair an electrical heavy current installation,
- permanently connect electrical equipment to a heavy current installation, or
- disconnect electrical equipment from a heavy current installation to which the equipment is permanently attached.
Put simply, electrical installation work is all work that is carried out on an electrical system up to and including the power outlet, and any permanent connection and disconnection of electrical equipment.
The National Electrical Safety Board has proposed some general guidance on the definition of electrical installation work to make it easier to decide when the Electrical Safety Act is applicable. See "Elsäkerhetsverkets förslag till föreskrifter om elinstallationsarbete" (in Swedish).
To qualify as an electrical installation company, the company:
- must meet the self-audit requirements set out in the Electrical Safety Act,
- must have at least one Compliance Officer, and
- must register if it works on equipment which is not its own.
The National Electrical Safety Board proposes that certain rare types of electrical installation work should be exempt from some of the requirements. See "Elsäkerhetsverkets förslag till föreskrifter om elinstallationsarbete" (in Swedish).
The orange colour in the figure above indicates the area covered by acts, ordinances and regulations. From 1 July 2017, the area will change so that the rules now apply to the company, and the scope of the rules will be broadened too.
The lonely figure in the orange helmet is the electrical contractor. There must be an electrical contractor with the right authorisation in the company after 1 July 2017. In the past, the rules only covered the electrical contractor’s supervision of electricians. The activities of the company were not regulated before the reform.
Supervision will disappear and it will be up to the company (represented by the figure standing in front of the presentation) to run a self-audit scheme to ensure that the people doing electrical installation work have the necessary skills.
The company must also register (represented by the computer display) and must operate a self-audit scheme (represented by the document) as specified in the forthcoming Electrical Safety Ordinance or regulatory provisions.
The group of people represents everyone in the company carrying out electrical installation work and covered by the self-audit scheme.
Electrical installation companies are subject to the following requirements:
- The company is responsible for ensuring that its electrical installation work is carried out in accordance with the requirements.
- The company must operate a self-audit scheme.
- The company must ensure that the electrical installation work is only carried out by electrical contractors or others covered by the self-audit scheme.
- The company must have at least one Compliance Officer.
- Companies carrying out electrical installation work on equipment which is not their own must register with the National Electrical Safety Board.
- Companies working on equipment which is not their own must appoint an individual who the National Electrical Safety Board can contact regarding supervision, etc. This person may be the Compliance Officer but it could also be someone else.
Electrical installation work must be executed in a way which provides adequate safety from injury or damage. The new Electrical Safety Act imposes a general duty of care on anyone carrying out electrical installation work.
The general duty of care means no one should ever carry out electrical installation work unless they know what they are doing!
The National Electrical Safety Board’s proposals for new regulations contain more specific requirements concerning the execution of electrical installation work. For example, the work must be done in accordance with ELSÄK-FS 2008:1-2, see the link at the bottom of the page
The general requirement for a self-audit scheme is set out in section 24 of the Electrical Safety Act, see the link at the bottom of the page.
An electrical installation company must:
- conduct self-audits of the work according to a self-audit scheme. The self-audit scheme guarantees that the electrical installation work meets the requirements in the Act and the applicable regulations, and
- ensure that the electrical installation work is only carried out by an electrical contractor or someone else covered by the company’s self-audit scheme in 1.
Self-audit means that the entity performing the activity (the electrical installation company) is itself responsible for establishing routines and activities to satisfy itself that the applicable rules are adhered to. Self-audit requires the company:
- to determine what electrical installation work is done in the company,
- to determine the applicable rules (Electrical Safety Act with corresponding ordinance and regulatory provisions) and what they involve, and
- to develop the routines and activities required in order to be certain that the rules are followed.
Of course, self-audit can be adjusted to match the company’s size and complexity, etc. There is no point making the routines and activities more complex than necessary.
The National Electrical Safety Board will produce information and other resources to help you formulate a self-audit scheme.
Self-audit replaces the supervision of electricians which electrical contractors used to provide.
All companies carrying out electrical installation work on equipment which is not their own must register with the National Electrical Safety Board before work starts.
The registration covers all electrical installation work or just certain types of activity. The activity types are illustrated below.
If you only work on your own equipment there is no need to register.
The new Electrical Safety Act does not go into detail about which authorisation the electrical contractor needs for a particular activity type – instead we propose using the National Electrical Safety Board’s regulations to deal with this. As such, companies which only carry out certain types of electrical installation work can specify in their self-audit scheme which of these activity types they are involved in.
The self-audit scheme only needs to describe the relevant activity types, and the Compliance Officer is not required to have a full authorisation.
According to the proposal we submitted during the consultation process, the activity types are as follows:
For the activity types in the high voltage area, the Compliance Officer must have a full electrical contractor authorisation, A.
For the activity types in the low voltage area, the Compliance Officer must have either a full electrical contractor authorisation, A, or an authorisation for low voltage, AL.
For some limited types of work involving the permanent connection and disconnection of equipment (machinery, heating, cooling and ventilation systems, lifts, gates and escalators), the Compliance Officer must have either a full electrical contractor authorisation, A, an authorisation for low voltage, AL, or a limited authorisation, B.
We propose exempting cable laying from the requirement to have a Compliance Officer. The self-audit and registration requirements remain unchanged.
The new rules for electrical installation companies give the National Electrical Safety Board plenty of scope to verify that the rules are being followed. Companies working on equipment which is not their own must appoint an individual who the National Electrical Safety Board can contact regarding supervision, etc. This person may be the Compliance Officer but it could also be someone else.
The electrical installation company and the system owner must both have system knowledge, in other words sufficient knowledge of the system to allow the electrical installation company to carry out the electrical installation work correctly.
Bringing together the requirements in acts, ordinances, regulations and the steps necessary in order to meet these obligations, we can draw up the following lists of functions.
Functions of the electrical installation company:
- Determine the conditions that must be in place so that the work can be done correctly.
- Carry out the electrical installation work correctly.
- Carry out the work in accordance with the company’s self-audit scheme.
- Ensure that only authorised electrical contractors or others covered by the company’s self-audit scheme actually carry out the electrical installation work.
Functions of the system owner:
- Ensure that the system is safe.
- Take action if problems emerge.
- Provide the electrical installation company with the necessary information about the system and the work.
- Check that the company carrying out electrical installation work on the system is contained in the National Electrical Safety Board’s register of electrical installation companies.